What is SGPA and CGPA ? User Guide 2023

what is sgpa and cgpa

Understanding What is SGPA and CGPA

Students face several acronyms and abbreviations in the academic world as they progress through their education. The acronyms for semester grade point average and cumulative grade point average, respectively, are SGPA and CGPA. In higher education institutions, these metrics are essential for evaluating and quantifying a student’s academic achievement. We shall examine the definitions, relevance, and calculation processes of what is SGPA and CGPA in this article, illuminating their significance in the contemporary educational system.

What is SGPA?

A student’s academic achievement throughout the course of a particular semester is gauged using a statistic called SGPA, or semester grade point average. It displays a student’s overall average performance across all of the courses they have taken in that semester. On a scale of 0 to 10, where 10 represents the best possible grade point and 0 indicates failure or no credit earned in a given course, the SGPA Calculator a is commonly calculated.

The majority of educational institutions use a grading system to evaluate courses by allocating distinct letter grades to various performance levels. The following are typical correspondences between these letter grades and accompanying grade points:

A: 10

B: 8

C: 6

D: 4

E: 2

F: 0 (Fail)

The SGPA is calculated by multiplying the grade points earned in each course by the credit hours assigned to that course, summing up the products, and then dividing the total by the total number of credit hours taken during that semester. The formula for calculating SGPA can be represented as follows:

SGPA = (Σ (Grade Point x Credit Hours)) / Total Credit Hours

SGPA Calculator

What is CGPA?

The cumulative grade point average, or CGPA, is the sum of each student’s individual semester grade point averages. It offers a thorough analysis of a student’s overall academic progress over the course of their academic career. CGPA is calculated on a scale of 0 to 10, just like SGPA.

The CGPA is calculated by adding the grade points and matching credit hours earned in each subject over the course of all semesters. The total number of credits earned throughout the entire academic program is then divided by this sum. The following equation can be used to determine CGPA:

CGPA = (Σ (SGPA x Total Credit Hours in the corresponding semester)) / Total Credit Hours of the entire academic program

Significance of SGPA and CGPA:

SGPA and CGPA hold great significance in the education system for several reasons:

Academic Assessment:The SGPA and CGPA provide a uniform method for assessing a student’s academic progress. They give a thorough overview of a student’s accomplishments, which helps employers and educational institutions assess a student’s potential.

Scholarships and Awards:A lot of academic institutions and organizations provide scholarships, prizes, or honors based on the CGPA or SGPA of the applicant. Outstanding academic performers frequently earn commendation and cash incentives, which motivates them to pursue excellence.

Performance Tracking: The SGPA and CGPA Calculator both assist students in monitoring their long-term academic development. Students can discover areas for growth and take the necessary actions to improve their learning by knowing their grades and grade points.

Employment and Higher Education: SGPA and CGPA are important factors in admission to higher education programs as well as job applications. These indicators are frequently taken into account by employers and academic institutions when determining a candidate’s suitability for a job or graduate study.

Internal Quality Assurance: Educational institutions can use SGPA and CGPA to evaluate the overall effectiveness of their academic programs and pinpoint any areas that may require improvement.

Read Our Blog: Difference Between SGPA and CGPA

Calculation Examples:

Let’s consider a hypothetical scenario to better understand the calculation of SGPA and CGPA.

Suppose a student takes four courses in a semester, each carrying 3 credit hours, and the grading system of the institution is as follows:

Course 1: Grade B (Grade Point = 8)

Course 2: Grade A (Grade Point = 10)

Course 3: Grade C (Grade Point = 6)

Course 4: Grade B (Grade Point = 8)

To calculate SGPA for this semester:

SGPA = ((8 x 3) + (10 x 3) + (6 x 3) + (8 x 3)) / (3 + 3 + 3 + 3) = (24 + 30 + 18 + 24) / 12 = 96 / 12 = 8

Now, let’s consider that the student has completed two semesters with the following SGPA values:

Semester 1: SGPA = 8

Semester 2: SGPA = 9

Suppose the total credit hours for the entire academic program are 60 (30 credit hours per semester). To calculate the CGPA:

CGPA = ((8 x 30) + (9 x 30)) / (30 + 30) = (240 + 270) / 60 = 510 / 60 = 8.5

In this example, The student has maintained a consistently good academic performance, reflected by an SGPA of 8 in the first semester and 9 in the second semester. The cumulative academic performance, as represented by the CGPA, is 8.5, which is also commendable.

CGPA Calculator


In conclusion, SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) and CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) are essential metrics used to assess a student’s academic performance in higher education. SGPA provides a snapshot of a student’s performance during a specific semester, while CGPA gives an overall picture of their academic achievements throughout the academic program.

Both SGPA and CGPA are calculated based on the grades obtained in each course and the corresponding credit hours. These metrics play a crucial role in academic assessment, determining eligibility for scholarships and awards, aiding performance tracking, and influencing employment and higher education opportunities.

By understanding SGPA and CGPA, students can gauge their progress, set goals for improvement, and work towards achieving academic excellence. Likewise, educational institutions can use these metrics to ensure the quality and effectiveness of their academic programs. In the modern education system, SGPA and CGPA continue to be valuable tools in shaping the future of students and the institutions that nurture them.

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