How to Calculate SGPA:Complete Guide 2024

how to calculate SGPA

An important component of academic evaluation is calculating the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA). Understanding how to calculate SGPA accurately is crucial whether you’re a student, professor, or academic administrator. This comprehensive guide will take you step-by-step through the computation of SGPA to give you a thorough knowledge of this grading scheme.

Understanding SGPA: 

Semester Grade Point Average is referred to as SGPA. It serves as a gauge of a student’s academic progress over the course of a given semester. Based on the credit hours and grades received in each course, the SGPA is calculated.

Grading Scheme:

Each institution has its own unique grading scheme. It normally consists of letter grades with accompanying grade points, such as A, B, C, D, and F. These grade points are an indication of how well the student performed in that subject.

Credit Hours and Grade Points: 

Each subject is given a certain number of credits based on how important it is and how much time is spent on it. Letter grades are given grade points, with higher letter grades earning more points. For instance, A might

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How to Calculate SGPA in Steps:

Compile Required Information:

Gather all the necessary data, including the names of the subjects, the number of credits for each topic, and the letter grades earned.

Determine Grade Points for Each Subject 

Refer to the institution’s grading policy and, using the letter grades received, give each subject the relevant grade points.

To determine the credit points for each subject:

Multiply the grade points earned in that subject by the number of credit hours it was given.

Calculate the total number of points:

Add up each credit point that was earned 

Calculate the total credit hours:

By adding together the number of hours allotted to each subject.

SGPA Calculator

Divide the total credit points earned by the total credit hours to arrive at your grade point average (SGPA).

SGPA Calculator

Importance Of SGPA

Understanding SGPA is important for a variety of reasons. It assists students in keeping tabs on their academic progress, evaluating their strengths and weaknesses, and establishing improvement targets. Academic institutions assess a student’s performance using the SGPA Calculator to decide whether they are eligible for scholarships and to decide their academic status.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is SGPA?

Semester Grade Point Average is known as SGPA. It serves as a gauge of a student’s academic progress throughout the course of a particular semester.

How is SGPA different from CGPA?

While CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) shows a student’s overall performance across numerous semesters, SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) only measures achievement within a single semester.

How is SGPA calculated?

By dividing the total credit hours taken in a semester by the total credit points achieved during that semester, the SGPA is determined.

What are credit hours?

Credit hours are the units used to measure the importance given to each course. They usually represent the weekly hours spent in class.

How are grade points assigned?

Based on the letter grades received in each topic, grade points are allocated. Grade points can differ as a result of different grading systems used by different institutions.

How do I calculate grade points for a subject?

In accordance with your institution’s grading policy, convert the letter grade you received in that subject to grade points.


The ability to calculate SGPA effectively is crucial for both academic institutions and students. You may confidently calculate your SGPA and have a thorough knowledge of your academic achievement by using the step-by-step instructions in this article. Utilize this manual as a helpful tool to understand the grading system and efficiently track your progress.

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