In the educational system, grades and grade point averages (GPA) are very important in determining how well a student is doing. Educational institutions frequently employ the SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) and CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) grading scales. While CGPA shows the cumulative average of all the semesters, SGPA measures a student’s achievement in a specific semester. Understanding the grading system and the relative importance of each semester is necessary in order how to calculate CGPA from SGPA. We will go over how to compute CGPA from SGPA in this article.

### Recognize the Grading scheme

Recognising the grading scheme utilised by your institution is crucial before computing CGPA. Although different educational institutions may use different grading systems, the 10-point scale is a typical one. The points allocated to grades on this scale range from 10 to 0, with 10 denoting the best mark and 0 denoting failure.

### Here is an illustration of a 10-point scale:

**Grade Point:** A+ – 10 A – 9 B+ – 8 B – 7 C+ – 6 C – 5 D+ – 4 D – 3 E – 2 F – 0

### Calculate the Credit Hours:

A semester consists of a certain number of credit hours for each course or subject. The weight of the course in determining the **SGPA Calculator **and CGPA is represented by these credit hours. You must be aware of the credit hours for each subject in order to calculate the CGPA.**Example:** Let’s take a fictitious semester with three courses, Course A (4 credit hours), Course B (3 credit hours), and Course C (2 credit hours), as an illustration**.**

To find the grade point average (SGPA), multiply the grade points by the number of credit hours for each course. Next, divide the total by the number of credits earned during that semester.

Read Our Blog: **How to Calculate Percentage from SGPA?**

### Calculate the Total Grade Points:

To find the grade point average (SGPA), multiply the grade points by the number of credit hours for each course. Next, divide the total by the number of credits earned during that semester.

### SGPA is calculated as follows:

Grade Point Average = (Grade Point for Course A * Credit Hours for Course A) + Grade Point for Course B + Grade Point for Course C * Credit Hours for Course C) / Total Credit Hours

### Calculate the entire Credit Hours:

To calculate the CGPA, you must know the entire number of credits that have been earned up to this point in the semester. This also includes all of the credits earned in prior semesters.

### how to calculate CGPA from SGPA

Calculate the cumulative grade points by dividing the semester grade point averages (SGPA) by the corresponding total credit hours, then adding the results. Next, divide the total by the number of credits earned up until this semester.

**The formula for calculating a grade point average is as follows:** CGPA = (SGPA Semester 1 * Total Credit Hours Semester 1) + (SGPA Semester 2 * Total Credit Hours Semester 2) +… + (SGPA Semester n * Total Credit Hours Semester n) / Total Credit Hours

The CGPA is an average, therefore each semester’s SGPA adds proportionately based on the total number of credit hours to the ultimate CGPA.

**Example Calculation:** To demonstrate how to calculate CGPA from SGPA, let’s look at an example. Let’s say a student has finished three semesters and has the following information:

**semester 1:**

SGPA – 8.5

16 credit hours total

**Semester 2:** 7.8 SGPA; 15 total credits.

**Semester 3:** 8.9 SGPA; 18 credits total.

**To determine the CGPA:**

CGPA = (8.5 * 16) + (7.8 * 15) + (8.9 * 18) / (16 + 15 + 18) = (136 + 117 + 160.2) / 49 = 413.2 / 49 ≈ 8.43

The CGPA for the three semesters is therefore roughly 8.43.

## Conclusion:

Understanding the grading scale, figuring out how many credits each course requires, and taking into account the total number of credits taken up until the current semester are all steps in calculating the CGPA from SGPA. Students can compute their CGPA—which measures their overall academic performance—accurately by following the above-mentioned methods. To assess academic achievement and create goals for growth, it’s crucial to keep track of grades and credit hours.